Principles of World Federalism: DemocracyDemocracy means government by and for the people
In a society, citizens have a voice in the affairs of their government through a variety of means, such as free and fair elections. Laws and other decisions are made by majority vote. The citizenry holds supreme power.
Democracy has evolved through history.
From Greek city-states, to Swiss cantons, to New England town meetings in the 17th Century, and to modern times we see the growth of democratic standards and methods. Who can vote, the formation of political parties, direct and indirect decision-making, Internet communications — all have impacted the evolution of democratic government.
The Greeks spoke out in public assemblies
Democracy began in the Greek city-states, especially Athens, where the principles of personal liberty, equality among citizens, and freedom to speak out at public events developed. The site was the Agora, or market place, where people met not only to buy and sell goods but also assembled to discuss many subjects, including politics. The “Assembly” might be considered an initial institution of democracy.
Democracy grows over the centuriesBy the 13th century, citizens of some Swiss villages were voting and making their own laws. By the 17th century in America, citizens in some British colonies were passing laws in New England town meetings.
The Populist era of the 1890s in the United States saw democracy grow even further, bringing the referendum, popular initiative, and recall to the legislative process. Over the last century voting rights in some countries have been expanded to include women and people of different races.
The “Democratic Spring”
From The DWF News
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Given his erratic behavior, from daily Twitter eruptions to upping his tally of lies by the hour, it’s hard to think of Donald Trump as a man with a plan. But in at least one area — reshaping the economy to serve the needs of the military-industrial complex — he’s (gasp!) a socialist in the making. His plan is now visibly taking shape — one we can see and assess thanks to a Pentagon-led study with a distinctly tongue-twisting title: “Assessing and Strengthening the Manufacturing and Defense Industrial Base and Supply Chain Resiliency of the United States.” The analysis is the brainchild of Trump’s adviser for trade and manufacturing policy, Peter Navarro, who happens to also be the key architect of the president’s trade wars…
He pointed out more than “90 per cent of the data that exists today in the world was created in the two last years,” noting that what while it used to cost $1 million to store a megabyte of data, the current price tag is less than two cents.
Technologies like blockchain – digital records linked together using encryption – or gene testing are now common technologies, he continued. “Artificial intelligence is everywhere, helping to buy and sell shares, helping police surveillance and even helping people to choose their soul mates,” he said. He asserted that technology is yielding enormous benefits…
John Maynard Keynes needs no introduction as the most important economist of the 20th century. His theories have shaped modern economics like few others. However, his vision for the international trade system, or bancor for short, has been mostly forgotten. As with anything even remotely Keynesian, the idea of bancor had a mini-resurgence in the wake of the 2009 crisis. George Monbiot wrote an article regarding bancor in the Guardian and the governor of the Bank of China, Zhou Xiaochuan, praised the idea in a speech. But this buzz has since died down. Bancor is a radical rethinking of international trade…